The Origins of Usury

    PEOPLE are increasingly aware that there is a great deal wrong with the world, and that every aspect of life seems to have deteriorated since World War II. Although it is now obvious that this deterioration could not have happened by chance, the catch-phrase: "I don't believe in the Conspiracy Theory" is frequently heard if the role of the international bankers is questioned, while people who touch on sensitive matters are denounced as "anti-semitic".

    We could begin by asking: just what is meant by the term "anti-semitism"? Strictly speaking it should mean some form of attack on people who are Semitic by those who are not Semitic. Currently it is being used in a quite different way: as an offensive weapon, based on a falsehood. To understand this use of the term we must consider the historic background.

    From the anthropological point of view, a person is Semitic if they have a low cephalic index, this being the way of describing the shape of the skull. In considering the recent geographical distribution of the Semitic races we have to go to anthropological data from the years before the
current race mixing, by a combination of immigration and refugee policies, had been launched. That is, we have to consult publications from the end of the last century and the beginning of the present one books such as The Races of Europe^ based on lectures given by William Ripley in 1896, and Race and History by Eugene Pittard (1926).

    Abraham and his descendants were and are Semitic. As might be expected, the Arab races descended from Ishmael, the son of Abraham and Agar, are Semitic. The indigenous inhabitants of the British Isles, together with many people in North-West Europe, the Iberian Peninsular and Southern Italy are also Semitic. At first sight this might seem surprising, until one remembers that Abraham's descendants through Isaac, the son of his wife Sarah, and Isaac's son Jacob, split into two nations, Israel and Judah, and that the Israelites were taken into captivity in about 720 BC, never to return to Palestine. Members of the British Israelite organisation have attempted to trace the movements of those ten tribes, and the distribution they have worked out is in good agreement with the distribution of Semitic people in Europe.

    It is also in keeping with the promise made by God to Abraham: "... you will become the father of many nations" (Genesis 17,4-6). Judah did not split into separate nations. The theological teaching on that promise makes a somewhat different point. Christ, through His mother, was a descendant of Abraham, and the Christian Church He founded, whose members partake of the Bucharest His body and blood (Matthew 26, 26-28) is described as the "Body of Christ" (e.g. Acts 9, 4-5; Corinthians 12, 12-13). That Church has spread to all nations.

    The Hebrew people, the descendants of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, were know as "The Chosen Race55, because the promised Messiah was to be born into that race. When Israel and Judah split, that honour went to Judah, through the descendants of David, and in due course Christ was born. The events surrounding His birth and life made it abundantly clear that it was He of whom the prophets had spoken, and that the Covenant that God had made with Moses was replaced by a new Covenant. This had been foretold by Jeremiah (31,31-34), and was explained by St. Paul in his Epistle to the Hebrews. After the Resurrection the Judean or Jewish people were divided. All the first Christians were Jews, but the Jewish leaders, the Pharisees and Sadducees, had rejected Him. They persisted in maintaining that the Messiah was yet to come, and would be an earthly and not a heavenly king. Others of the Jews followed their lead. And so the Jewish religion, almost as we know it today, carried on. Almost, but not quite ...

    The law of God, as revealed to Moses, was summarised in the Ten Commandments. But the Pharisees had added many detailed laws that were not in accord with the will of God. (As a parallel, we could compare the centuries-old English Common Law, that is based on Christian morality, with the current detailed statutory laws, an ever-increasing number of which emanate from the European Community and are frequently based on lies and falsehood Annex A, an article by Christopher Booker in the Sunday Telegraph, typifies the level to which they have descended). During Christ's three years of public ministry He repeatedly condemned those detailed additional man-made laws. Later the two main sources of Jewish "law" were the Torah, based on the law of Moses, and the Talmud, based on the additional laws of the Pharisees.

    The law of the Pharisees was originally an Oral Code that was put into writing in the 3rd and 4th centuries AD. It is known as the 'Jerusalem' Talmud. In the 5th Century it was superseded by the 'Babylonian' Talmud, a complex series of volumes with more discussion and a smaller proportion of precise statements. It is this 'Babylonian' Talmud that is now generally referred to as "The Talmud". Being based on the teachings of the minority of Jews who were responsible for the Crucifixion it is anti-Christian, in some places fanatically so. Some of its moral precepts are also incompatible, not only with Christian morality, but also with the Ten Commandments that were given by God to Moses.

    Since the sacking of Jerusalem in 70 AD there has not been a Jewish state, but only a Jewish religion. Others besides the descendants of the Hebrews came to believe that there will be an earthly Messiah who has not yet come. During the last millenium the Hebrews were outnumbered by Jews of other races. A meeting of the Sanhedrin was held in Paris in 1807, those taking part being Hebrew not non-Hebrew Jews.

Their main conclusions were:-

    The Hebrew Jews are Semitic, but the majority of present-day Jews are not. By the 1920s fewer than 20 per cent of the Jews were Semitic, while about 80 per cent of the people who called themselves Jews had cephalic indices that were high, at the opposite end of the scale from the
Semitic. In a recent article (Church Times, 24-1-92) Bishop Hugh Montefiore wrote: "Shamir is busy peopling the West Bank with Russian Jews of non-semitic origin". Although Judaism is a religion, many of the race that is dominant in modern Judaism call themselves Jews, even though they
would not appear to practice the Jewish religion. They still want what they perceive to be its advantages.

    That race with the very high cephalic index first came to notice in the Dark Ages. They settled in an area north of the Caspian Sea that was crossed by three of the world's then major trading routes, and charged 10 per cent tax on all goods passing through their territory. They soon became the richest nation. They were known as the Khazars (cf. The Thirteenth Tribe by Arthur Koestler). In due course they decided for political reasons to adopt the Jewish religion. It has been thought that
they were at least partly responsible for provoking the invasions that led to the Crusades.

    It was after the Khazar influx that Jews began to indulge in large-scale usury, often pretending that it was because they could not get other jobs, but in fact so that they could get kings and rulers into their power. When we remember that Christ warned that one cannot serve both God and money (Matthew, 6, 24) it would seem that they fit the description in The Apocalypse:"... The synagogue of Satan, who say they are Jews, but are not". International banking, of the type developed in the 19th Century, is a development of usury but on a larger scale.

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